Time Frame: 2017 till 2019      

Location: Beirut

Target Group: Lebanese, Iraqi and Syrian archaeologists and lawyers


To establish specialized professional networks in Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq to investigate and disrupt the trafficking of cultural objects and to work closely with law enforcement and juridical authorities to secure the repatriation of trafficked objects.

Outcome:  More than 100 professionals trained and 14 training of trainers.

Funder:  Norwegian Embassy in Lebanon.

For more details about the project, click here to read the full report

Note: In the framework of the project, a training for UNIFIL agents inTyre, the Lebanese Army and the civil society was implemented. For more info, click here.

Conventions & Laws related to the illicit trafficking in Antiquities

In order to protect cultural properties, several international conventions were elaborated, signed and ratified by different countries, in addition to local laws. Below are the most relevant conventions & local laws for Lebanon, Syria & Iraq, related to the illicit trafficking of antiquities:

1- The 1954 La Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its Protocols. Click here for the full text

2- The 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. Click here for the full text

3- The UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects. Click here for the full text

4- Lebanese Laws Related to Cultural Property & Illicit Trafficking. Click here for the full text

5- Antiquities Law, Syria, Decree -law No./222/. Click here for the full text

6- Antiquities Law, Iraq, No 55/2002. Click here for the full text


Do you need to discover more about the “Illicit Trafficking in Antiquities”?
Here are some reliable references & interesting academic articles alongside with some media reports


I- Academic Articles Related to Illicit Trafficking in Antiquities: 

1-  Virtually Gone! The internet market in antiquities, Neil Brodie, 2018 Click here for the full text

2- Scholarly Engagement with collections of unprovenanced ancient texts, Neil Brodie, 2016. Click here for the full text

3- Repatriation of cultural antiquities forming a legal and an archaeological procedure, Zeynep Boz, 2013. Click here for the full text

4-   – اضغت هنا للمقال الكامل – استرداد الآثار الثقافيّة، وضع اجراءات قانونيّة وأثريّة، زينب بوز، مترجم الى اللغة  العربيّة

5-  – اضغت هنا للمقال الكامل – هل ستسلم بلاد ما بين النهرين من الحرب؟ التدمير المستمر للمواقع الأثرية في العراق، جوان فرشخ بجالي

6- الاستحواذ المشروع وغير المشروع على آثار العراق من القرن التاسع عشر وحتى عام 2003، مغواير غيبسون، مترجم الى اللغة العربيّة  – اضغت هنا للمقال الكامل

7-    الاطار العام للسوق بالتزامن مع نهب المتحف الوطني العراقي  في نيسان 2003، نيل برودي، مترجم الى اللغة العربية  – اضغت هنا للمقال الكامل 

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